Arhive: #1 2011

Problems of human capital estimating in a context of studying national wealth of Russian regions



Abstract References

A classification of existing approaches to measuring human capital is presented, the advantages and disadvantages of their use are reviewed. The choice of a representative approach to assessing the human capital of Russian regions is substantiated; ways of overcoming the difficulties of this approach are suggested. A new theoretical and methodological approach to measuring the condition and level of human capital development in the context of the Russian Federation, based on the indicative qualimetric analysis, is proposed. A methodological apparatus, based on positive evaluations of human capital, which allows combining into a single diagnostic system as parameters are directly attributable to human capital, and environmental factors, in which its formation is happening, is presented. Components of the human capital that characterize the region of its formation: demographic, educational, labour, research and socio-cultural capital, are highlighted. Qualitatively different state levels of human capital are marked as very low, low, fair, average, good, high and very high. The results of research capacity evaluation and research activities effectiveness (research components of the scientific capital) of the subjects of the Ural Federal District for the period between 2000 and 2009 are described.