Arhive: #1 2011


Status and prospects of the reproduction of the labour force in the North region

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This paper reviews reproduction of labour resources in the northern region of the Russian Federation on the example of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District - Yugra. A retrospective analysis and an assessment were made, as well as a forecast of manpower in the autonomous region. Demographic factors such as population growth, employment structure by economic sectors, education and migration were investigated. Thus, migration includes shuttle trips due to inter-work in shifts, seasonal migration, illegal migration and internally displaced persons from the Russian Caucasus and Central Asia. In general, a young population structure is responsible for the positive nature of demographic processes in the region. The structure of the population acquires the features typical for a developed territory: high level of education, increased share of employment in industry and reduced share - in real estate development. It is expected that more jobs will be formed in the service sector and in the energy sector; by contrast, at the expense of productivity growth, there will be layoffs of workers.