Arhive: #1 2011


Ethnodemographic factor of development of economy of Ural's regions

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Abstract References

The importance of ethno-demographic factors in an open regional economy is substantiated, it is determined by the internal structure and establishes the basic qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the ethno-demographic processes in the regions of the Urals and the Ural Federal District. Regions are classified on the increase (decrease) of population, level of urbanization, level of life expectancy, migration and the intensity of processes of marriage and divorce. Also, the regions are compared on changes in the ethnic structure of the population. Thus, the general trend for all subjects of the Urals and the Ural Federal District is the increasing proportion of Caucasian and Central Asian ethnic groups against falling share of the Slavic ethnic groups. Taking into account the fact that the ethno-demographic factors shape the human potential of the region, i.e. determine its economically active population, conclusions about the impact of this factor in different directions on the economy of the studied macroregion were formulated.