Journal 2020#1

Assessing the Influence of Location on the Development of Municipalities

At the present stage, the relevance of the municipalitiesí interregional cooperation is increasing. This cooperationís development is most needed in the municipalities located on the territories with interregional borders. However, the interregional relationsí effective building is hampered by the lack of tools to quantify the effects of the municipalitiesí location near the interregional border and their dependence on management decisions taken by neighbouring Russian regions. We attempted to quantify how the location and municipalityís hierarchical subordination to a particular Russian Federation subject influences its socio-economic status. For analysing group and intergroup relations we applied the tools used in the hierarchical analysis (HLM-Hierarchical linear modelling). We identified the groups of municipalities in accordance with their belonging to Russian subjects and their location (in the subjectís central part or near the interregional border). Further, we analysed 336 municipalities belonging to 7 Russian subjects. 193 of the municipalities are located near interregional borders. The results have proven the toolsí applicability in spatial analysis. The calculations have revealed the influence of the municipalitiesí location on the indicatorsí achieved values. Additionally, they have allowed us to quantitatively assess the municipalitiesí significance. Through the data analysis we have determined that some values of the indicators of the location and municipalityís hierarchical subordination are influenced more than other ones. The findings can be applied for developing an effective management system for municipalities located near the borders of the Russian subjects.