Arhive: #1 2019


The Impact of Innovation on the Performance of Health Care in the Economic Security System of the Region

A breakthrough in innovations largely depends on the quality of human potential. In the context of demographic threats for economic security of the region, the national project Healthcare has prepared measures for reducing the mortality of the working age population, including mortality from cancer. However, the costs of cancer detection and treatment, as well as social costs of temporary disability are later compensated by reduced mortality losses and increased contribution of the labour potential to gross regional product (GRP). During the research we applied systematic and integrative approaches, methods of comparative and statistical analysis using modern IT solutions. The research is based on the data from oncology services of Tyumen and Sverdlovsk regions. The organizational and medical innovations in Tyumen region, including modern diagnostics on the basis of radiological centre, have increased the detection rate of malignant neoplasm. Moreover, these innovations have significantly reduced the number of cancer-related deaths in comparison with the national average value. In 2017, this indicator per 100 thousand was 112.78 in the Russian Federation, while in Tyumen region it was 90.04. For the period from 2013 to 2017, improvements in diagnostics and quality of the oncology service in Sverdlovsk region contributed to a higher detection of various diseases, longer treatment in the hospital and at home, which did not allow achieving economic effects by reducing costs. However, these measures have led to significant reduction of damage from working age population mortality. An indicator of multidimensional economic effect in health care is calculated as the sum of various types of effects. Its value demonstrates compensation for costs incurred at certain stages of medical assistance with the effects resulting from preservation of human potential by reducing mortality. Our forecast shows that medical and demographic indicators of the oncology service of the Sverdlovsk region will improve by 2022. Such improvements will result from constructing and equipping the centre of nuclear medicine and the proton centre in the framework of the public-private partnership in Sverdlovsk region healthcare. The results of the study can be applied for an objective assessment of health care and its contribution to the regional economy.